This is my own catalog of information on select species of native plant life of Oklahoma, so that I may learn to identify them and understand their characteristics. Thus, this list might be more accurately titled, “My back yard’s useful flora.” Plants are chosen for their usefulness in bushcrafting/survival scenarios and in native gardening. Though I make an effort to identify, firsthand, real-world examples of every entry in this list, much of the information concerning food and medicinal properties comes from third party websites. I haven’t tested some of the information myself; YMMV, use at your own risk. I will add to this list over time.

Names Cat. Identification Uses/Characteristics
Osage Orange, Hedge Apple, Bodark F,U Tree, or large shrub. Glossy leaves, thorns at base of leaf stems. Interlaced pattern on bark, reminiscent of diamond. Bright, orange-yellow wood, darkens with age. Fruit is green, ~4.5″Ø fruit, bumpy skin, oblong seeds. Milky sap from leaves and fruit. Wood makes for superior bows, good tool handles, and furniture. Resists rot. Fruit is edible but unpalatable. Fruit traditionally cut in half and placed strategically as an insect repellent. Highest North American heat density, burns long and hot.
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Poke Weed, Polk Sallet D,F Red stems. Leaves often have tinge of red. Berries look like tiny green to deep purple tomatoes that grow in long clusters from red-purple stems. Eye-shaped, shiny, smooth-edged leaves that alternate on stalk. All parts are poisonous, particularly roots. Young leaves and new shoots up to 8″ can be eaten if absent of redness in stems and boiled through three changes of water for ten minutes each. Berries may be safe in small quantities if cooked and seeds are removed.
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Yarrow F,M Fern-like/feathery leaves, evenly distributed on stem but smaller at top.  White (sometimes pink) flat-topped clusters of flowers with 5 petals and a yellow center. Up to 3 ft tall. Strong, sweet scent. Do not confuse with hemlock, of which leaves are solid and flower clusters are on stems which radiate from a single point. Powder made from leaves/flowers can be applied topically to wounds to improve clotting. Topical and internal pain killer. Insect repellent. Astringent; poultice treats insect bites, add jewelweed for poison ivy. Leaves are edible, boiled or steamed.
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Black-Eyed Susan M Bright orange-yellow flower with prominent and protruding black/brown center. Hairy stems and leaves. Infusion of roots boosts immunity to fight colds, flu and infections, worms. Warm root infusion is astringent, used as a wash for sores, swellings, snake bites. Diuretic.
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Lamb’s Quarter, Goosefoot F Upright plant, 1.5m typ. Green, triangle-shaped leaves with toothy shape on two sides, waxy with the appearance of white powder on the underside. Hint of red on stem joints. Taste resembles spinach. Highly nutritious greens; cultivated as a vegetable in some cultures. Vitamin A, B, C, Calcium, Phosphorous, Potassium, and more. 4.2% protein by weight. Contains oxalic acid.
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Thistle F,M,U Several species, same properties. Purple flower with the appearance of a shaving brush, with a spiky, globe-shaped handle. Ruffled, wavy leaves with spines at end of each wave. Root, leaves, stalks, flowers all edible, softer cooked. Trim spines from leaf. Fibers from stem suitable for cordage. Tea helps with liver detoxification, recovery from poisonous mushrooms. Oil from seeds.
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Yellow wood sorrel, sheep sorrel F,M Small, clover-like heart-shaped leaves in threes. Small yellow flowers. Taste resembles lemon. Everything above-ground is edible. High vitamin C. Can be made into a tea, or sweetened for lemonade substitute. Juice is a vinegar substitute. Helps treat worms, fevers, kidney stones. Taken orally, may serve as contraceptive. Contains oxalic acid.
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Puff Ball F Edible.
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Carpetweed, Indian Chickweed F Small, sprawling plant. Leaves grow 3-8 together from nodes. Elongated teardrop-shaped leaves. Tiny white flower, ~.5cm, clusters of 2-5. Everything above-ground is edible.
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Spotted spurge, Prostrate spurge D Small, sprawling plant. Oval leaves arranged opposite each other on the stems, which lie on the ground and radiate outward from a single root. Sometimes leaves have spot in center. Sap is poisonous and is present on surface of the plant, avoid contact with skin/eyes.
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sheep’s sorrel, red sorrel, sour weed F Branching stems covered with directly-attached flowers. Leaves shaped somewhat like a Jumonji Yari spear; long, smooth, barbs on either end. Leaves are edible; not very nutritious, but have a lemony tart flavor. Contains oxalic acid. Roots and seeds are edible. Leaf tea is a lemonade substitute.
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Poppy Mallow, Winecup, Finger Poppy Mallow F,M Brilliant magenta or light purple cup-shaped flower, with white base of petals. Leaves and root are edible. Root decoction may be useful for internal pain.
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Green Bristle Grass, Green Foxtail, wild millet F Bushy seed cluster at the end of a long stalk Seed edible, prepared like rice or millet.
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Signalgrass, Alexandergrass F Seeds are edible
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template F,U
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template F,U
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template F,U
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Pictures are sourced from everywhere on the internet with no heed to copyrights